Informant: “There are more explanations to this superstition than the one I know, but the one I am aware of is that peacock feathers have all these eyes. And that you either don’t want all those eyes staring at you, or you don’t want all those extra eyes taking away your eyes as an actor. But I think there are more versions of that story. There is something that is connected to the past on that one. And that is one that, more than the others that I know of, some of the old actors take that one really seriously. And I’ve always felt that if someone involved in the production does believe in that superstition, honor the superstition and don’t use the peacock feathers in the production. But that is one that they have the right to have that superstition, because you don’t want that competition with all those eyes.”
In my research I was not able to determine the historical reasoning behind why peacock feathers are unlucky in theater. However, the idea that peacock feathers are unlucky is not unique to theater and can be found in British superstition and Greek superstition, which features the idea that the peacock feathers contain the Evil Eye. Perhaps because the theater has such a strong heritage from England and Greece, these superstitions have become integrated into theater superstitions.
My informant draws particular attention to the idea that having extra eyes on the actor is bad luck. In this logic, I don’t understand why having extra eyes on the actor would be a bad thing because you want the attention to be on the actor. But if the extra eyes are symbolic of the Evil Eye, and we are looking at the superstition in that context than the lore makes more sense to me. Having all those Evil Eyes on you is seen as bad luck in English and Greek cultures because they are thought to bring personal injury and misfortune to the person the Eye is on. When an actor is trying to perform, all their focus should be on the performance at hand. They can’t focus properly if they are worried about the ill fortune that the Evil Eye will bring to them.
The final idea is that you don’t want all those eyes to take away the audience’s attention or ‘eyes’ is also a possible theory. In theater the attention should be on the performer, and it is considered bad taste to upstage the actor through the use of a flashy set or costume. This is because it is the costume, lighting, and set designer’s job to make the actor look good, the focus should be on them. As another one of my professors at USC wisely puts it, “if the audience is looking at that little detail on the set, than there isn’t something wrong with the set, there is something wrong with the actor.” Therefore, the use of peacock feathers taking away from the attention of the actor possibly comes from the idea that they are very beautiful objects and thus distracting.
My informant was born in 1949, Connecticut. He works as a costume designer in the entertainment industry occasionally, and serves as the head of the USC costume shop in addition to being a faculty member for the USC School of Dramatic Arts. He has more than 40 years of experience in the theater.