The following Argentinian urban legend was told by my old high school history teacher:
“There are many urban legends in Argentina, my favorite being El Familiar. According to the legend originating in the sugar plantation in Salta, Tuchman, and Jujuy, the Argentinian government was struggling economically which meant the sugar industry would take a big hit. However, the titans of the sugar industry found a way around their economic misfortune, by partnering with the Devil. The Devil promised to protect the sugar industry from the failing economy in return for a yearly human sacrifice. The sacrifice would be selected by the sugar industry and then dragged to the Devil in Hell by a decapitated black, rabid dog dragging a chain around its neck. Legend has it, the dog still rabidly wander the sugar plantations searching for its next victim”
Analysis: Although this is only a legend, it has increased religious practices of protection in the northern areas of Argentina. The eminent threat of the Devil leads Argentinians to use rosaries or blessed crucifixes for protection. This is one of my favorite pieces of folklore because I am very interested in urban legends. Although they are never true, they have a great impact on the communities and culture around them. In this case, the old urban legend has decreased unwanted activity in sugar plantations and increased religious faith in northern Argentina.