Occupation: University Student
Residence: Los Angeles, CA
Date of Performance/Collection: March 22, 2019
Primary Language: English
Other Language(s): Spanish, Mandarin
M: Most of the games I had, like, heard about and observed were all the, like, chicken games where it’s like, “ah yeah, take an eraser over your knuckles. Whoever wimps out first loses.”
R: Well of course they- did you play quarters**?
M: Yeah, or um, slaps. This is where people would like, hold the other person’s hand, slap each other as hard as they can
E: Until someone gave up.
M: Until someone gave out.
E: It’s so stupid I hated it.
A: A version I played was when you did the middle finger thing to their forearm until they gave out. And you’d end up with these giant red spots.
**Quarters was understood by all as a game where each player places his fist knuckles down on the table and shoots quarters at the other until someone gave out.
I collected this piece about chicken games while hanging out with friends from the University of Southern California and we all began to talk about the games from our childhoods. One of the participants in the conversation, denoted as ‘M’ , brought up chicken games from his elementary and middle school days, prompting others to contribute the variations they knew of and demonstrating on themselves when necessary. Each interlocutor is denoted by a different letter. The interlocutors were students of the University of Southern California, but of different class standings and two had already graduated. The first informant, ‘M’, is a sophomore who went to elementary school on a military base in Japan but middle and high school in Texas; ‘R’ is a Ph.D. student who grew up in Maryland and Michigan; ‘E’ graduated in 2018 and grew up in Lompoc, CA; and ‘A’ graduated in 2018 and grew up in San Diego, CA. They all brought up these games as something they had either observed or participated in during either middle or elementary school years, saying they viewed it as something either funny (a common opinion amongst the males) or stupid (as said by the only other female in the conversation aside from myself) at the time, but particularly viewing it as stupid nowadays. There was also a general consensus that most kids would abandon these games by late middle school (8th grade) at the latest.
The wide range in age of the interlocutors is very indicative of how long these chicken games perpetuated, particularly with how the oldest interlocuter is ten years older than the youngest interlocuter. Since you would pick these games up from other kids, it would make sense that as the older kids pass them down to the younger kids, they would continue through the years, particularly through neighborhood interactions where groups were not necessarily divided by age. Another interesting point was the wide variety of locations in which each of the interlocuters grew up and/or attended elementary and middle school. There were locations all over the United States, and even abroad in an American community overseas; I also knew of these games while growing up in Virginia. As such, these chicken games are likely a part of greater American school-age children’s culture, especially amongst younger children because there was a general consensus that these games were abandoned once late middle school years came around.
What is more important, though, is why children would partake in these kinds of games, especially when they sometimes left physical marks on the body as mentioned by ‘A’ in the exchange above. Particularly in the institutionalized schooling structure of the US, children are all brought up to think in particular ways and learn specific things and as such there can be a large sense of homogeneity among them. These chicken games can establish another type of identity that is more counterhegemonic, considering these games were often strictly ruled against in schools and looked down upon by parents. They can also establish a power dynamic amongst children who might otherwise be in an egalitarian environment. If children can establish themselves as the strongest or the bravest in these games, it gives them something else to identify themselves with, which is why leaving marks may also be apart of why they take part in these games in the first place. They become victorious signifiers of glory and pride, somewhat like battle scars; this also becomes significant when considering how children become increasingly aware of their bodies and their physical images as they get older. These games were more popular among boys and with American culture so heavily centered around physical strength in men, these chicken games may be their attempts to embody these ideas from early on. As for why they typically died out during middle and high school, partaking in certain subcultures becomes increasingly more significant during this time as children becoming adolescents begin to further explore who they want to be; these subculture identities begin to take more precedence moving out of elementary years. This can correlate with why chicken games die out as students get older and more mature because they would no longer need these trivial markers of identity.
Additional Interlocuter Information:
The informant description for ‘M’ is in the section above the item, and the same information for each of the other informants is included below.
‘R’ – Nationality: USA; Age: 29; Occupation: Ph.D. Student; Residence: Los Angeles; Primary Language: English
‘E’ – Nationality: USA; Age: 22; Occupation: Non-Profit Arts Administrator; Residence: Los Angeles, CA; Primary Language: English; Other Language(s): Italian
‘A’ – Nationality: American-born Taiwanese; Age: 22; Occupation: Digital Marketing/Entrepreneur; Residence: Los Angeles, CA; Primary Language: English; Other Language(s): Mandarin, Japanese